Experience. Explore. Discover.


Naturalist-led Activities

Naturalist-led Activities

The Little St. Simons Island Naturalists offer a host of daily interpretive excursions to immerse our guests in the ecology of Georgia’s barrier islands and the plants and wildlife that can be found in this diverse environment. Lively discussions and hands-on experiences will craft memories lasting well beyond the vacation experience. Whether Bird watching, hiking through the diversity of island habitats, kayaking the tidal waters, bicycling the island’s roads, fishing the surf or tidal waters, our gifted Naturalists will lead you through memorable and enriching experiences to savor for years to come.

Meet Our Naturalists

 Nate Ramey, Manager

Originally from Southern Ohio, Nate spent much of his time there exploring the forests and creeks of the Appalachian foothills. Nate then went on to obtain his B.S in Natural Sciences from Shawnee State University. Before coming to Little Saint Simons, Nate worked for The Ohio State University’s F.T Stone Laboratory located on Lake Erie where he worked as a research assistant on the Lake Erie water snake project. Nate started as a Naturalist for Little Saint Simons in October 2015 and transitioned to Naturalist Manager in January 2020.In his free time Nate enjoys birding and herping as well as, fishing, hiking, and hunting.

Emily Engle, Supervisor

Emily is from Santa Barbara California where she grew up exploring tide pools, hiking in the Santa Ynez mountains, and camping. From a young age she developed a love for the natural world, and since pursued an education learning how to protect it. She earned her bachelor’s degree in Environmental Studies from the University of California Santa Cruz in 2019 where she researched species diversity across environmental gradients and helped to track mountain lions with the Santa Cruz Puma Project. As a student she also worked in renewable energy marketing, environmental education, and land stewardship. In her free time she enjoys running, backpacking, and working on art projects. She is excited to share her passion for conservation with others as a naturalist at Little St. Simons Island.

Tyler Thomas

Tyler was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin where he  cultivated a strong passion for the outdoors through fishing and canoeing the lakes of Wisconsin and Minnesota. This passion continued to grow as he received a B.S. in Environmental and Field Biology from Ohio Northern University. During his studies, Tyler had the opportunity to participate in research on stream communities across Ohio, as well as a lichen survey of the ONU campus. Upon graduating, Tyler worked on a native brook trout conservation project in northern New Hampshire before moving to coastal North Carolina to teach environmental education. After returning to school, Tyler earned a M.S. in Biology from Plymouth State University in May 2019 with his thesis research focused on the effects of biomedical bleeding and early environment on circatidal rhythms of horseshoe crabs. In addition to his passion for nature, Tyler loves traveling, hiking, running, and sports.

Katie Steffen

Katie hails from North Carolina, where the Blue Ridge Mountains sparked her passion for the outdoors. A 2019 graduate of Appalachian State University, Katie earned her degree in Environmental Science with double minors in Biology and Spanish. She found her passion for salamanders and herpetology while in college when she interned as a Naturalist with the Grandfather Mountain Stewardship Foundation. She followed this with undergraduate research in the Nantahala National Forest on terrestrial salamanders, where she assisted in a ten-year mark-recapture and led a study on the impacts of this research on its subjects. Before joining the Naturalist Team, Katie worked as an Assistant Park Ranger at Jockey’s Ridge State Park in North Carolina. When she’s not at work, Katie likes hiking, camping, and “herping” around the southeast. 

Nick Smith

Nick grew up in Seekonk, Massachusetts, seemingly born with an overwhelming curiosity about the natural world. That curiosity eventually developed into a passion, particularly when it comes to botany and ornithology. He graduated from Wheaton College in Norton, MA with a degree in Environmental Science in 2018. Before joining the naturalist team, he’d spent several field seasons working with nesting shorebirds like Piping Plovers and Least Terns, worked seasonally at a banding lab, and wrote a thesis on interdunal swale plant communities, all in coastal Massachusetts. In fact, prior to starting on Little St. Simons Island, he’d never lived or worked anywhere besides Massachusetts, but couldn’t be more excited to be here! For fun, Nick enjoys bird watching, foraging, brewing, hiking, and photographing plants and wildlife. 

Alli Smith

Alli grew up in southern New Jersey, where she acquired a love of birds and wildlife at a young age on trips to the Jersey shore. She followed that passion through college and earned a B.S. in Wildlife Science from SUNY - College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, NY in 2016 and has since been working with endangered shorebirds all along the east coast. Prior to joining the team on LSSI, Alli spent four years working with the threatened birds of Southwest Florida, including conducting research on urban burrowing owls and managing a citizen science nest monitoring program. When not at work, Alli can be found crafting and crocheting, or birding at local hotspots. 




Here, Only the Sky is Crowded

Located on the Atlantic Migratory Flyway, our Island is a prized paradise for avid and casual birders. More than 330 species have been regularly spotted here, from Bald Eagles and Roseate Spoonbills to Oystercatchers and Painted Buntings. And the Island's undisturbed beaches and woodlands are havens for a number of threatened and endangered species.
Early morning birding trips, evening owl prowls and other bird-seeking excursion are regular activities led by our skilled naturalists. Or strike out on your own with binoculars, a map of birding hot spots and a Little St. Simons Island Birding Checklist.

  • Located on the Atlantic Migratory Flyway
  • More than 330 species recorded here
  • Value nesting, foraging and stop-over grounds
  • A critical staging for shorebirds
  • Recognized as an Important Birding Area (IBA) by the American Bird Conservancy
  • Recognized as a Reserve Site by the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN)

Recent Bird Activity

Brown Pelican Photo by Phillip  Murdaco

To see bird sightings on Little St. Simons Island recorded by our Naturalists as well as guests and local birders please visit eBird’s Hotspot Map. You can also visit our News page where our Naturalists post notable sightings.

Birding Hot Spots

Our Naturalists can either take you to or direct you to the best locations for spotting various bird species. In general terms, these are the Island's birding Hot Spots:

  • North Pond, Goose Pond, Skimmer Pond: Herons, Egrets, Ibis, and Spoonbills
  • Main Beach: Pelicans, Terns, Skimmers, Plovers and Gannets
  • Sancho Panza Beach: Shorebirds and Waders
  • Myrtle Pond Observation Towers: Waterfowl and Egrets
  • Myrtle Pond Blind: Wood storks and Roseate Spoonbills
  • South End Road: Osprey, Eagles, Kingfishers
  • Middle Woods Road: Owls and Woodpeckers
  • North End Road, Old House Road, Backbone Trail: Flycatchers, Vireos and Warblers

Bird List

For questions about the best season to see specific species, please download our bird checklist

Download PDF

Birding Events



Avian Research

Little St. Simons Island partners with many state, Federal and non- governmental organizations to conduct valuable research on the bird species on the Island–including many threatened and endangered species. Little St. Simons Island’s avian research partners include:

  • Nature Conservancy
  • American Bird Conservancy
  • Georgia Department of Natural Resources
  • US Fish & Wildlife Service
  • Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN)
  • Georgia Ornithological Society

In conjunction with our partners, our naturalists conduct surveys and collect data on the Island’s permanent and migratory populations. We report rare species sightings, track migration and are involved in special projects with breeding species. For more information, please visit the Ecological Projects page.

Take a virtual tour of the bird blind at Norm's Pond:



For anglers (avid and first-timers), there’s always something biting in the surf, creeks or off the dock; and our tackle shack is ready with all the necessary poles, tackle and bait you’ll need. Our naturalists will take you out to their favorite fishing holes where they'll help you land the big one.  Or if you'd rather go out on your own they will tell you about the best spots to fish and set you up with all the right tackle.  Our chefs will even cook-up your catch!
Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, pristine estuaries, marshes and rivers, Little St. Simons Island offers guests rare access to one of the most productive fisheries on the East Coast and presents a unique saltwater fishing opportunity. The estuary of the Altamaha River provides habitat and nutrients to support large numbers of resident inshore game fish and a spawning ground for larger offshore fish.

Fishing Opportunities:

  • Guests can fish on their own from our dock or a variety of locations on the island. We have bikes set up to haul fishing gear, and a naturalist can help plan your excursion.
  • Naturalist-led fishing excursions on Little St. Simons from the banks of many of our tidal creeks.
  • Naturalist-led surf fishing excursions at the beach in the summer and early fall.
  • Naturalists lead ocean seine netting programs at the beach in the warmer months.
  • If you are looking for a chartered fishing trip, spin or fly fishing, we can recommend local guides. Call or email for information on that.


We supply all the fishing gear you will need, including:

  •        Light weight spinning rigs
  •        Surf rigs
  •        Fly rigs, leaders, and flies
  •        Gear boxes
  •        Frozen bait
  •        Artificial bait
  •        Rubber boots (size K3 - Adult 15)
  •        Cast nets and crab nets
  •        Bikes for hauling fishing gear

 For creek fishing we use:

  •        Penn spinning reels with 10-12 lb. monofilament
  •        Medium to light rods

For surf fishing we use:

  •        Penn spinning reels with 50lb. braided line and heavy leaders
  •        Heavy surf rods

For fly fishing:

  •        9ft., 8wt. rods
  •        Ask a naturalist if you are interested in using this gear.

Common sport fish that frequent the waters around Little St. Simons include red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus), and souther flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma), all with seasonal variations in abundance.

We recommend catch and release but if you want to bring a catch to the table, make sure it upholds saltwater fishing regulations, and bring it back. The kitchen will gladly prepare it for you. We do encourage you to only keep the minimum of what you will enjoy and release the rest.


The Beach

The Beach

The seven miles of Atlantic Ocean beach on Little St. Simons Island are perfect for strolling, sunning and swimming.  And perfect for solitude too, as it’s not unusual to spend long hours here and encounter only armies of shorebirds and acres of seashells.

Guided excursions to the beach to explore the shoreline's bird life, aquatics and ecosystems are a mainstay of the Island's naturalist programs. And seasonal evening turtle walks with a naturalist are among our most popular adventures!

Whether you walk, pedal or ride to the beach, travel light. Our beach pavilion has towels, chairs, lotions, umbrellas and floats.


Take a virtual tour of Main Beach:




The ocean waves and tidal waterways that surround Little St. Simons Island are wonderfully abundant in the recreation they offer and the secrets they reveal.  Explore and enjoy them in our fleet of kayaks and canoes.



Naturalist Calendar

Naturalist Calendar

Every Season Is Spectacular On Little St. Simons Island!

With every month and new season across this rare natural sanctuary come fascinating changes in wildlife activity, bird sightings, plant species, landscapes and other natural phenomenon. Based upon past observations by our team of naturalists, the following is a brief and general look at what you might expect to see, encounter or experience during your visit to Little St. Simons Island.
Download PDF


  • Very rarely Pilot Whales have been spotted off of Main Beach
  • Adult Bald Eagles are visible on nests, incubating during the first week of the month
  • Christmas bird count reveals over 100 species spend the winter on the Island, including White Pelicans, Red Knots, Wilson’s Plovers and Piping Plovers. Northern Gannets can be spotted on the horizon diving into the ocean
  • Yellow-rumped Warblers are everywhere. Chipping can be heard from every Wax Myrtle shrub
  • Bald Eagles are common, both resident nesting birds and larger northern birds overwintering
  • Cedar Waxwings show up in large flocks, feeding on holly berries
  • Bald Eagle nest shows signs of hatched chicks!
  • Great Horned Owls continue to incubate their eggs at nest
  • Mars is brilliant right now and at its closest approach to Earth–a great time to view


  • Purple Martins spotted on martin house. Scouts come back and begin to search out suitable nest locations. Yellow-throated warblers can be heard singing late in the month
  • Carolina Jessamine blooming all along beach road; earliest wildflowers begin to bloom
  • Great Horned Owl chicks seen sitting on top of its mom in the nest
  • Bald Eagle chicks are more active, moving around and very visible
  • Organic garden is flourishing! Winter crops like kale, collards, radishes and carrots are regularly incorporated into guest meals
  • Many ducks spotted at Myrtle Pond, including Blue and Green Winged
  • Teal, Bufflehead, Scaup, Gadwall, Mottled Ducks, Mallards and Pied-billed Grebe
  • Owl chicks grow larger and likely fledge


  • Coral-root, a delicate saprophytic orchid is now in bloom
  • As days warm up, alligators are frequently seen sunning on banks
  • Ruby Crowned Kinglets and Robins seen around the compound
  • Eagle chicks getting larger; stretching and flapping their wings and keeping the adults busy
  • Black-necked Stilts forming pairs, common in Myrtle Pond and North Pond
  • Bird song fills the forests- Parula, Pine Wablers, Blue-gray Gnatcatchers and Vireos
  • First Oystercatcher nests can be found on the beach
  • Leopard frogs seen on the path to Norms Pond


  • Painted Buntings return (often seen at the feeder near the Main Lodge)
  • Bald Eagle chicks fledge
  • Fallow bucks sport new antler growth
  • Squirrel Treefrogs, Green Treefrogs, Southern Leopard Frogs and Southern Toads are heard calling and seen mating. Listen for the roaring bellow of male alligators as mating season begins
  • Snowy Egrets, Great Egrets, Tri-colored Herons in courtship displays around ponds
  • Horseshoe Crabs emerge by the thousands, then retreat to the sea as mating season begins on beaches
  • First Roseate Spoonbills and Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds of the season
  • Prickly Pears flowering and Magnolias in bloom
  • Spring tides offer great beachcombing discoveries
  • Spring migration peaks with excellent opportunities to view songbirds, shorebirds, birds of prey and rare birds
  • Fishing activity picks up (Red Drum, Black Drum, Spotted Sea Trout, Sheepshead). Surf fishing, too, with sharks being caught


  • Lovebugs are out, especially at the gazebo. Their arrival means its truly spring on the island!
  • Dewberries ripe along Beach Road
  • Loggerhead Sea Turtle nesting season begins. (Join in an evening, naturalist-led turtle walk!)
  • Osprey chicks in nest; juvenile Bald Eagles likely seen
  • Baby Southern Toads all along Beach Road
  • Owls and Chuck-Will-Widows heard at night
  • Deer fawns observed
  • Coral Bean in bloom
  • Shorebirds are feeding heavily on Horseshoe Crab eggs and other marine resources
  • Fishing for Red Drum and Spotted Sea Trout is becoming more productive in Mosquito Creek; off the main dock, too
  • A great month for birding! This is the height of shorebird migration seen at Sancho Panza Beach and Myrtle Pond
  • While kayaking in the creeks, look for baby striped burr fish swimming about–a type of Pufferfish very abundant this season


  • Baby Armadillos and baby Marsh Rabbits out and about all along Beach Road
  • New Loggerhead Sea Turtle nests observed and recorded
  • Spanish Bayonet blooming along Beach Road
  • Large Alligator populations active in ponds and tidal marshes
    Snowy Egret and Great Egrets chicks likely seen at Norm’s and Stag ponds
  • Look for fuzzballs at the beach! American Oystercatchers, Wilson’s Plovers and Willets all have chicks
  • Pulling the seine net is a great way to see the abundant ocean life just off of Main Beach. This time of year is very productive and the diversity is great!
  • Diamondback Terrapins laying their eggs
  • Evening Turtle Walks, led by naturalists, are a favorite summer evening adventure
  • Warmer waters mean good fishing: creek, surf, dock or pond. First Tarpon of the season are often hooked
  • The sky is crowded in June! Sightings likely of: Willet, Osprey, Wood Stork, White and Glossy Ibis, Painted Bunting, Reddish Egret, Bald Eagle, American Oystercatcher, Belted Kingfisher, Black Skimmer, Roseate Spoonbill and more


  • Roseate Spoonbill, Glossy Ibis, White Ibis, Wood Stork, Cattle Egret, Black-necked Stilt, Yellowlegs, Black-crowned Night Heron and alligators at Goose Pond
  • Barn Swallows nesting
  • Blossoming Railroad Vine all over beach dunes; Sea Oats are fresh and green
  • New Loggerhead Sea Turtle nests (and false crawls) observed and recorded; nests are beginning to hatch
  • Alligators are nesting
  • The beach is calling: go sunning, shelling, biking, surf fishing. Seining with our naturalists is a discovery-rich family event!
  • Fallow bucks with full antlers and young fawns all getting larger
  • Birds rules the beach! Least Tern, Reddish Egret, Piping Plover, Marbled Godwit, Whimbrel, Sanderling and Black Tern
  • Pond environs lively with dragonflies, tadpoles, and frogs
  • Pickerelweed and marsh hibiscus flowers are in full bloom at Willow Pond and other freshwater wetlands


  • Warm summer days get the creatures stirring, including raccoons, armadillos, turtles, frogs, deer and more
  • Loggerhead Sea Turtle hatching season reaching its peak. Spotting a baby turtle hatchling is rare, but possible
  • Female alligators patrol this year’s nests, with last year’s young swimming nearby
  • Horsemint in is bloom; Beauty Berries are bright pink
  • Adult and immature Bald Eagles, as well as Osprey and Red-tailed Hawks patrol the skies
  • A naturalist-led pond tour will likely spot Black-crowned Night Heron,
  • Glossy Ibis, Anhinga, Common Moorhen, Least Bittern, Blue-winged Teal and Roseate Spoonbill
  • Crabbing usually good off the main dock and the beach ponds
    Red Knot, Long-billed Curlew and Marbled Godwit start returning to Sancho Panza beach
  • Tarpon can be found by lucky fishermen in deep water holes in Pine Creek or the Hampton River


  • Beach seining with a naturalist may yield pompanos, pogies and shrimp
    Gulf Fritillary butterflies likely everywhere
  • Tree Swallows, by the thousands, begin to gather in Sancho Panza area and near Main Beach
  • Alligator nests begin to hatch
  • Green Fly Orchid in bloom around the compound and in the maritime forest
  • Loggerhead Sea Turtle nesting season slows (join a naturalist on a nest excavation)
  • American Avocets can be seen at Myrtle Pond
  • Bull Redfish are on the move and may be caught during fall surf fishing
    From the dock, shore or a skiff, this is a good month for trout in Mosquito Creek
  • The early fall weather is perfect for a bike or kayak adventure
  • What a month for bird lovers! Likely spottings include: Black-crowned Night Heron, Long-billed Curlew, Black-bellied Plover, Black-necked Stilt, Piping Plover, Reddish Egret, Caspian Tern, Royal Tern, Glossy Ibis, Marbled Godwit, American Oystercatcher, American Bittern, Marsh Wren, Greater Black-backed Gull, Nighthawk, Osprey, Brown Thrasher (our state bird), Ruby Throated Hummingbird, Yellow Warbler, American Redstart, Eastern Kingbird, Blue-winged Teal, Bald Eagle, Northern Harrier, Red Knot, Anhinga and many more


  • Sweetgrass and Goldenrod in full bloom; marsh plants are many shades of yellow, red, and orange
  • Bountiful butterflies on the Island, including Zebra Longwing, Long-tailed Skipper, Gulf Fritillary, Monarch, White Peacocks and Little Yellows
  • Reptiles are very active including snakes, skinks and lizards
  • Fall warblers, countless swallows and other passerines moving through during migration
  • Fishing luck may include Bluefish, Tarpon, Reds, Spotted Sea Trout and Flounder
  • Great Horned Owls and Eastern Screech Owls calling in the Lodge compound
  • The Island is alive with birds this month. Large numbers of shorebirds getting ready for migration and a huge numbers of Peregrine Falcons migrating through
  • Turtle nesting season concludes. Nest excavation on the last few nests are going on now


  • Dolphins feeding in Mosquito Creek
  • Bald Eagles begin nesting at their traditional Island locations
  • Clouds of Tree Swallows swarm the Wax Myrtle trees, eating the berries before they continue to move south
  • Alligators out, soaking up the autumn sun and foraging deer often seen
  • American White Pelicans can potentially be spotted at the beach
  • Bald Eagles return and may be seen rebuilding nests to be ready for the upcoming breeding season


  • Excellent fishing for Sea Trout, Redfish, and Flounder on artificial lures
  • Great Horned Owls busy nesting
  • Good month for spotting ducks around the Island's ponds and tidal creeks including Mottled Ducks, Hooded Mergansers and Buffleheads
  • Bald Eagles begin to incubate their eggs